Simplify Path
Post
Cancel

# LeetCode #71: Simplify Path (C/C++).

medium

source: https://leetcode.com/problems/simplify-path/
C/C++ Solution to LeetCode problem 71. Simplify Path.

## Problem

Given a string path, which is an absolute path (starting with a slash '/') to a file or directory in a Unix-style file system, convert it to the simplified canonical path.

In a Unix-style file system, a period '.' refers to the current directory, a double period '..' refers to the directory up a level, and any multiple consecutive slashes (i.e. '//') are treated as a single slash '/'. For this problem, any other format of periods such as '...' are treated as file/directory names.

The canonical path should have the following format:

• The path starts with a single slash '/'.
• Any two directories are separated by a single slash '/'.
• The path does not end with a trailing '/'.
• The path only contains the directories on the path from the root directory to the target file or directory (i.e., no period '.' or double period '..')

Return the simplified canonical path.

## Examples

### Example 1:

Input: path = “/home/”
Output: “/home”
Explanation: Note that there is no trailing slash after the last directory name.

### Example 2:

Input: path = “/../”
Output: “/”
Explanation: Going one level up from the root directory is a no-op, as the root level is the highest level you can go.

### Example 3:

Input: path = “/home//foo/”
Output: “/home/foo”
Explanation: In the canonical path, multiple consecutive slashes are replaced by a single one.

## Constraints

• 1 <= path.length <= 3000
• path consists of English letters, digits, period '.', slash '/' or '_'.
• path is a valid absolute Unix path.

## Solution

Using a stack and a window two pointers we can solve this problem.

1. We find each subfolder in the path:
• For this, we identify a substring between two '/'.
• The left pointer starts at one place behind the right pointer.
• We move the right pointer until a '/' is found.
• This window is our subfolder/path.
2. Once we have the window:
• If the window is '/..' we remove the top element of our stack.
• If the window is '/.' we do nothing.
• Otherwise we push the window to the stack.
3. Once finish:
• If the stack is empty, return '/'.
• If stack contains elements, build the path joining the elements of the stack.
• If our result has a / at the end, we delete it.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 class Solution { public: string simplifyPath(string path) { stack<string> cpath; int l=0; int r=1; while (r<path.size()) { while(r < path.size() && path[r] == '/') r++; l = r-1; while(r < path.size() && path[r] != '/') r++; string tmp = path.substr(l, r-l); if (tmp != "/.." && tmp != "/.") cpath.push(tmp); else if (tmp == "/.." && !cpath.empty()) cpath.pop(); r++; } if (cpath.empty()) return "/"; string result = ""s; while(!cpath.empty()) { result = cpath.top() + result; cpath.pop(); } if (result.size() > 1 && result.back() == '/') result.pop_back(); return result; } };